- n.widening of the bronchi or their branches. It may be congenital or it may result from infection (especially whooping cough or measles in childhood) or from obstruction, either by an inhaled foreign body or by a growth (including cancer). Pus may form in the widened bronchus so that the patient coughs up purulent sputum, which may contain blood. Diagnosis is on the clinical symptoms and by X-ray and CT scan. Treatment consists of antibiotic drugs to control the infection and physiotherapy to drain the sputum. Surgery may be used if only a few segments of the bronchi are affected.
The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.
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Bronchiectasis — is a disease that causes localized, irreversible dilatation of part of the bronchial tree. Involved bronchi are dilated, inflamed, and easily collapsible, resulting in airflow obstruction and impaired clearance of secretions. Bronchiectasis is… … Wikipedia
bronchiectasis — (n.) Modern Latin, from Gk. bronkhia (see BRONCHIAL (Cf. bronchial)) + ektasis a stretching out, extension, dilation … Etymology dictionary
bronchiectasis — [bräŋ΄kē ek′tə sis] n. [ModL < bronchus,BRONCHUS + Gr ektasis, a stretching out < ekteinein, to stretch out < ek , out + teinein, to stretch: see TEND2] an irreversible, chronic enlargement of certain bronchial tubes … English World dictionary
Bronchiectasis — Permanent dilatation (widening) of the bronchi (the large air tubes which begin at the bottom of the trachea and branch into the lungs). Bronchiectasis can result in very serious illness including recurrent respiratory infections, a disabling… … Medical dictionary
bronchiectasis — bronchiectatic /brong kee ek tat ik/, adj. /brong kee ek teuh sis/, n. Pathol. a diseased condition in which a bronchus or the bronchi are distended, characterized by paroxysmal coughing and copious expectoration of sputum. [1875 80; bronchi ,… … Universalium
bronchiectasis — noun (plural bronchiectases) Etymology: New Latin, from bronchi + Greek ektasis extension more at atelectasis Date: circa 1860 a chronic dilatation of bronchi or bronchioles … New Collegiate Dictionary
bronchiectasis — noun Abnormal permanent dilation of the bronchial tubes … Wiktionary
bronchiectasis — n. enlargement of the large bronchial tubes (Medicine) … English contemporary dictionary
bronchiectasis — bron·chi·ectasis … English syllables
bronchiectasis — bron•chi•ec•ta•sis [[t]ˌbrɒŋ kiˈɛk tə sɪs[/t]] n. pat a chronic disease of the bronchial tubes characterized by distention and paroxysmal coughing • Etymology: 1875–80; bronchi(a)+ Gkéktasisstretching out … From formal English to slang